adjuvants in agriculture

How Are Adjuvants Used in Agriculture​

Pesticide products or pesticide spray mixtures sometimes need a bit of help, and that aid comes in the form of adjuvants. They are added into the mixture in order to limit issues with pesticides, this results in a more effective product. Since they don’t have pesticide-like properties, they don’t need to be registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Plus, most states don’t regulate their distribution. There are many adjuvant choices that making a selection can be quite the difficult task. Knowing what they do is always a good start. The first thing to know is that there are two forms of adjuvants: -a formulation adjuvant is already part of the pesticide product-a spray adjuvant is added to the spray tank Since manufacturers decide what adjuvant they put into their products, the next section will deal with spray adjuvants. Spray Adjuvant CategoriesEach adjuvant performs a specific function, and those include spreading, sticking, buffering, dispersing, emulsifying, and wetting. There are some that reduce foaming, spray drift, volatilization, and evaporation. The functions just mentioned can’t be performed by just one adjuvant, so you will often need to combine in order to produce the desired result. Spray adjuvants fall into two categories: Activator adjuvantsThese introduce improvements to what a pesticide already does. They generally contribute to better absorption. Nitrogen-based fertilizers, oils, and surfactants belong to this category. Special purpose adjuvantsThese fix issues with a particular product, making it better as a result. Buffering and conditioning agents, compatibility agents, de-foaming agents, drift control agents, and deposition agents belong to this category. All of these alter the physical characteristics of a spray product. Colorants, foam markers, tank cleaners, and suspension agents all reduce application problems. Choosing the Right AdjuvantFirst off, you need to know what you want to out of your product. From there you can list down potential adjuvant choices, which you will narrow down based on preference or any other factor. On top of that, here are more things you need to consider: -read the pesticide label-use adjuvants that are made for agricultural or horticultural purposes-stick to a reputable brand or dealer Another important thing to remember about adjuvants is that they should be used as stated on the label. One adjuvant can perform multiple functions but it won’t solve every single problem associated with a pesticide product. They might not even be necessary sometimes – try and give the pesticide a chance before thinking about adding an adjutant. Knowledge is important when adding an adjuvant to a product. You have to know what a particular pesticide does before you can add something into it to make it better. Knowing exactly what an adjuvant does can help you find the perfect combination to improve a pesticide product. Being informed is important and knowing the pest you are dealing with, the site where the spray is going to be applied, and the equipment you are going to use will help you pick the right adjuvant.    Precision Agronomics is located at 9438 West SR 28 in West Lebanon, IN and is proud to serve: Marshfield, Johnsonville, Foster, Stone Bluff, Bismarck, and the surrounding areas. Contact us today for more information!

Analyzing Yield Data

Analyzing Yield Data is Crucial​

Collecting yield data for crops is important, but a mountain of information won’t make any sense if you don’t analyze it. Analysis is just as important as proper data collection. Without analyzing yield data, how can you possibly know what’s going on with your fields? Without scrutinizing the data, how can you make improvements? As important as it is to analyze yield data, getting accurate data is just as important. A pile of information is useless if it won’t give you a clear picture. Here’s how to ensure proper data collection: Make Sure the Yield Monitor is Properly CalibratedMonitors should be calibrated for different crops. It wouldn’t make sense to calibrate for corn when you’re trying to get information on soybeans. When properly calibrated, a monitor will produce results that are 97% accurate – maybe even more. It pays to take the extra time out to calibrate. Calibration isn’t hard; your device comes with instructions on proper calibration. Take the Time to Eliminate Erroneous Data PointsMaking errors is part of data collection. However, leaving these errors in your collection will produce inaccurate results that will hurt your case. From time to time, you should make sure to double check your data to catch anything that is out of place. Use External SoftwareA yield monitor will come with its own analysis software. You can definitely make use of it, but you will be able to do a lot more with the gathered information if you use other data analysis software. Think about what you really need from an analysis point of view, then find out which analysis software offers what you need. When analyzing yield data, it’s nice to see more options rather than just the one you have. Doing so allows you to get more information, which you can utilize to make better decisions. Use Multi-Year DataComparison is important and necessary. How else are you going to make changes if there is nothing to base it on? Yes, you may have collected a year’s worth of data but there’s only so much you can do with it. Working with a large data set allows you to identify and analyze trends. Being able to see the difference allows you to make educated decisions that would maximize yield. At Precision Agronomics we also benefit from our proprietary SOIL Score, which utilizes yield history, crop history, and USDA soil type information to create an index every 60 feet across a field. This takes much of the frustration out of analyzing yield data across state lines. Be More Familiar with Farm Management SoftwareOne of the downsides to technology is that we let the computers do all the work. We become lazy and forget to think critically because a machine is giving us all the answers. While software will surely help make the analysis process easier, it would be beneficial to actually understand how everything works. Learning a few basics will allow you to be more effective and involved when it comes to data collection. Yield data analysis is complicated, but it’s a necessary process. How that data is collected is equally important and it must be done accurately or else there’s no way to improve your results. You also have to realize you only get one opportunity with each crop to capture the yield data, if you are unfamiliar or need assistance with analysis, contact Precision Agronomics today. We take care of cleaning up the data as part of our service.   Precision Agronomics is located at 9438 West SR 28 in West Lebanon, IN and is proud to serve: Marshfield, Johnsonville, Foster, Stone Bluff, Bismarck, and the surrounding areas. Contact us today for more information!​

Soil Conductivity Map - Custom Agronomics

Soil Conductivity Map and Precision Farming

The importance of soil conductivity maps rely mainly on the ability to delineate similar and contrasting regions of the field.

custom agronomics

A Few Basics to Wheat Scouting​

Wheat scouting allows you to estimate yields for the year. The activity also lets you examine fields for early season diseases like stripe rust. Doing so allows you to implement remedies before diseases develop into levels that are damaging. “Tools” for Wheat Scouting  You will need a couple of things to scout wheat fields to get a yield estimate. Spending money isn't necessary because these items are easily found:  a yard stick or a rulera pen or pencila notepad or any writing materiala calculator (calculator apps on smartphones will do) There are some optional tools for more in-depth examination of wheat fields:a pocket knife – for opening up the crops to examine the heada camera – to get an overall view of the wheat field (the camera on smartphones will work fine) Wheat Scouting Steps Examine the overall condition of the fieldAs you inspect the wheat, take note if you see weeds or notice an odd color. You also have to check for uniformity and bare patches. In addition, you should also take note of how thin or thick the canopy is. Measure the height of wheat plantsThere are estimates for how tall a wheat plant should be at a particular time during the growing season. A really short plant late into the season reveals a difficult harvest.  Inspect the wheat headCount the spikelets present. Positives can be taken if there are 12 or more spikelets in a row. On the other hand, if no heads have emerged, you can check the node and reveal the head using your pocket knife. The head should be green and soft to indicate good health. Jot down the distance between wheat rowsUse your stick or ruler for this and list in inches.  Get a count of the number of stalks per footRecord the data.  Calculate the yield Wheat scouting allows you to get yield estimates, which is useful in determining delivery estimates and planning requirements for storage and harvest. But before planting crops, you can turn to custom agronomics for more economically viable outcomes. With custom agronomics, you will learn how to make the best use of your land and just how much fertilizer to use to produce a financially beneficial yield. Agronomists can help you improve farm management practices to ensure not only a better yield but also reduce impact on the environment. Custom agronomics blends science and technology to deliver positive gains for both farmer and the environment. Knowing what impacts crop production allows the creation of plans that produce desired results each harvest season. Wheat scouting will still be a valuable asset even with the aid of custom agronomics. Fields still need to be inspected to spot potential issues before they get worse. Precision Agronomics is able to provide the customized agronomy services you need to produce desired wheat yields. Get in touch with us today to learn more.    ​Precision Agronomics is located at 9438 West SR 28 in West Lebanon, IN and is proud to serve: Marshfield, Johnsonville, Foster, Stone Bluff, Bismarck, and the surrounding areas. Contact us today for more information!

potential crop yield

Nitrogen Modeling and Managing with Adapt-N​

Just how much nitrogen is needed for a sufficient potential crop yield? Putting in too much creates a lot of issues. Putting in less creates a sense of loss. So what exactly is the right amount? Adapt-N, a tool developed at Cornell University, can be the answer to better nitrogen management. The Challenging Task of Nitrogen Management Managing nitrogen is a challenging affair because how much is needed is dictated by the weather, which is beyond the control of farmers. The presence of nitrogen in the soil is determined by organic matter. How much nitrogen is released and held by organic matter is also driven by the weather. The weather dictates the amount of nitrogen lost through leaching and denitrification. It is also responsible for how well nitrogen is used. Several factors also affect the efficiency of nitrogen, including method, placement, rate, source, and timing. Since farmers want to minimize the risk of potential crop yield loss, they have turned to using tools like Adapt-N to keep track of nitrogen applications during the growing season. What is Adapt-N? Adapt-N, put simply, is software. It is a nitrogen management solution that can help growers determine just how much nitrogen they need to apply to their crops. Doing so can ensure a potential crop yield that is financially beneficial. Developed by Cornell University, Adapt-N is a cloud-based platform that uses science to calculate the nitrogen needs of corn. The software takes a lot of factors into consideration before handing out a solution. Users feed the application with the information it needs to perform lots of simulations in order to make an accurate recommendation. Adapt-N takes factors such as management practices, information about soil, and real-time and historical weather data into account. After crunching the data, Adapt-N provides a flat or variable-rate recommendation that is based on the preference of the user. Included with Adapt-N is N-Insight which makes assessments on the financial and environmental impact of nitrogen. It helps growers understand how soil conditions impact nitrogen loss. It is also useful in getting growers to understand how changes in management practices can produce better yields and environmental performance. How Can Adapt-N Help? Fields can be divided into zones, each with different amounts of nitrogen applied. Doing so allows growers to keep track of the return on investment. What this also means is that some fields will provide a greater return on investment over the others. In other words, Adapt-N neither recommends more or less nitrogen. The results it provides differs every season given the factors it has to take into consideration, with weather conditions – both historical and real-time – being one of them. What it does to is provide farmers with applying the necessary amount of nitrogen at the right time. As a result, it can help improve returns and minimize nitrogen's impact on the environment. Just like any application, Adapt-N requires accurate data to provide equally accurate results. Also, a four-year study conducted by Cornell University researchers on the application's economic and environmental benefits has found win-win opportunities for producers and the environment. Adapt-N is available in more than 30 states in the US.   Precision Agronomics is located at 9438 West SR 28 in West Lebanon, IN and is proud to serve: Marshfield, Johnsonville, Foster, Stone Bluff, Bismarck, and the surrounding areas. Contact us today for more information!​

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